刘彦随等:新时期中国城乡发展的主要问题与转型对策(经济地理)

 

新时期中国城乡发展的主要问题与转型对策
刘彦随1,2,严镔1,2,王艳飞1,2


(1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国北京100101;2.中国科学院大学,中国北京100049)


摘要:统筹城乡发展是以人为本的新型城镇化的重要内容,也是全面建成小康社会的重要保障。文章从区域经济、社会、空间等不同视角解析了城乡发展研究新进展与新特点,深入分析了新时期中国城乡发展面临的主要问题,包括半城镇化现象严重、农村地域空心化、土地资源配置矛盾显化、区域城乡发展差异拉大、城乡环境问题日益突出,剖析了引发和加剧这些问题的主要成因,包括传统经济增长模式、快速城镇化路径、农业土地制度与户籍制度约束等方面。新时期推进城乡发展一体化,亟需着眼于城乡地域系统人—业—地协同转换的科学思路,统筹协调产业和城镇发展,探索差别化的城乡发展的科学路径,加快创新城乡土地配置与管理制度,全面构建村镇建设新格局,深化城乡发展转型体制机制改革,营造中国城乡平等、协调、一体发展的内生机制及外部环境。

关键词:统筹城乡发展;城乡发展转型;新型城镇化;乡村地域系统;中国乡村发展

 

刘彦随,严镔,王艳飞. 新时期中国城乡发展的主要问题与转型对策. 经济地理,2016367:1-8.

 

Urban-Rural Development Problems and Transformation Countermeasures
in the New Period in China
LIU Yansui1,2,YAN Bin1,2,WANG Yan fei1,2
(1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)


Abstract: Integrating urban-rural development is the core context of population-centered urbanization, and the guarantee
of building a well-off society in China. Thus, the free factor flow, function transition and adaption of plans and policies between urban and rural areas should be coordinated in accelerated industrialization and urbanization. This paper analyzed main problems in urban-rural development from different scientific perspectives. The main problems insist of serious peri-urbanization, rural territory hollowing, the contradiction in land allocation, the large divergence of regional urban-rural development and severe environmental problems. These problems are mainly induced by economic growth model, rapid urbanization development, urban- rural dual land system, and other policies. In order to coordinate urbanrural development and reviving rural development, we proposed specific development advice and policy adjustment namely the coordinated industry system and urban system, suitable urban-rural development patterns based on regional characteristics, urban- rural integrated land use system, town- village spatial pattern build and revitalization and other relevant policy reforms. In the new period, promoting the integration of urban and rural development, we need to focus on the scientific thinking of people- land- industry conversion of urban - rural territorial system, the scientific ways of coordination of industry and urbanization development, exploring the difference between urban and rural development, to accelerate the innovation of urban- rural land allocation and management system, comprehensive construction of a new development pattern of the villages and towns, deepen the development mechanism reform of urban-rural transformation, and create an internal mechanism and external environment of equal, harmonious and integrated development between urban and rural areas in China.
Key words: integrated urban-rural development; urban-rural development transformation; new-type urbanization; rural territorial system; China’s rural development